A dressing is like a gauze pad or cloth or pouch which could be sterile or non sterile and applied directly to wound or injured area to promote healing and prevent it from any further harm and infection. Benefits of sterile dressing is that it is free of any contamination or infections.
A bandage is supporting element in dressing which is often used to hold dressing at its place.
Qualities of Dressing Material Should be:
- It should be free from any contamination and infections.
- It should not leave any particles or fibers at wound site.
- It should have optimum PH value.
- It should not get macerated i.e. neither too much dry nor too much wet by wound’s exudate.
Types of Surgical Dressings:
- Wet to Dry
- Chemical impregnated
- Transparent film
- Wound Closure material
- Binders etc.
Wet to Dry Dressings:
In this type of dressing, a saline absorbed gauze or cotton sponge is used to pull out exudate from wound. This absorbed gauze or cotton is applied to soak exudate and then remove ti dry wound. It is simple type of dressing which is inexpensive. After drying wound medication is applied and put absorbent gauze or cotton and cover it with the help of supporting bandage.
Chemical impregnated Dressings:
This type of dressing are treated with chemicals like povidone-iodine, antibiotic etc for faster healing of wound. This is used for wounds that accepts this chemical and doesn’t show any allergic or chemical reactions.
Self adhesive foam sheet is used to cover wound area.
This type is used for moderate to high wound drainage. Alginated dressing is composed of calcium or sodium salt or seaweed within a gel dressing.
This are similar dressing as of Alginated dressings but this are composed of the polymers of Carboxymethylcellulose (Heavy good absorbent property). These are manufactured in sheets to place in wounds that have considerable exudate.
Transparent Film Dressings:
These dressing types are non absorbent in nature. These are a layer of plastic which prevent wound from outer environment. These allow only some exchange of oxygen and moisture between wound & outer environment.
This type of dressing is costlier one and promote the body’s own natural function of removing necrotic tissue. It works by manitaining a moist wound environment. It is used for wounds with no excessive fluids, necrotic wounds, pressure ulcers etc.
This Dressings are used on burns, lightly draining wounds, ulcers etc. It has some absorbent nature and also promote autolytic debridement. It has major disadvantage of anaerobic bacterial growth.
Tapes are used to provide strength and fix dressings at its place. Tapes are self adhesive or non adhesive in nature which are available in paper, plastic or cloth varieties.
Wound Closure Material:
Material that are used to close the wound after dressing is known as Wound Closure Material.
Binders are a form of bandaging that provide support to the body area they surround.
List of Surgical Manufactures in India:
- Alfa Surgicals 25, Vanashree Society, Karandwadi, Post. Degaon, Taland Dist. Satara
- Amritsar Surgical Inds Verka Bye Pass Chowk, Amritsar
- Assam Surgical & Pharmaceutical s (Pvt.) Ltd. “Akash Deep”, Police Reserve Line, Lakhtokia Road, Guwahati-781 001
- Bengal Surgicals Ltd. D/38-C Industrial Area, Kalyani, Mumbai
- Bengal Surgicals Ltd. D/38c, Industrial Area, Kalyani, Nadia
- Bharat Remedies (P) Ltd. B-9, Sports Goods & Surgicals Complex, Basti Bawa Khel, Jalandhar-144 021. 2251592, 2201339.
- Bliss Infusion & Surgicals Pvt. Ltd. Plot No. 104; 19th Street; Midc;Satpur; Nashik-422 007
- Bliss Infusions & Surgicals Pvt. Ltd. Plot No. 104; 19th Street, Midc, Satpur, Nashik
- Brisk Surgicals Gidc C 1 B 3 Kalol ,Gandhinagar 3231362
- Century Surgical & Pharmaceutical s Village Kyarda, P.O. Puruwala, Via Nahan, Distt. Sirmour
- Champion Surgical Works P.Ltd. V.V.Nagar,Tal.Anand
- Chatterjee Surgical 1323, Purba Sinthee Road, Kolkata-30 Loan On Nicco Corpn. Ltd., Kolkata
- Cheema Surgical Ind. B-12 Sports Complex, Jalandhar
- D.P.Surgical 838, G.C.Dutta Road, Sainpala
- D.P.Surgical Gopal Ch. Dutta Road, Basirhat
- Delux Surgical 11, S. N. Complex, Behind B.P.L Show Room, Vastra Sq, Amraiwadi Highway, Ahmedabad.
- Doc’s Surgical Cotton A / 146 , Midc , Phase I , Dombivli ( E ).Thane
- Durgapur Surgical Works P-28/1, Durgapur Industrial Estate, J.P. Avenue, Durgapur-713212
- East End Surgical Ghoshl Para, P.O.Taki, Dist. 24-Parganas
- Ethical Surgical & Dressing Co. Bhatchalla Burdwan
- Fine Surgical Dressing Mfg. Co. 15,16,17 Indl. Area, Bathinda
- Hemant Surgical Industries Ltd. Plot 21, Achhad Industrial Estate, Village Achhad, Taluka Talasari, Thane
- Himalaya Surgicals Shed No.20, Baddi, Solan
- Hrj Surgicals 8, Shivshakti Estate, Vadkun, Dahanu,Thane
- Icon Pharma & Surgicals P. Ltd. Plot No. 128-B, Phase I&II, GIDC Estate, Naroda, Ahmedabad-382330 079-2812780 iconpharma @usa.net
- ICON PHARMA & SURGICALS PVT. LTD. Plot No. 128-B, Phase I & II, GIDC, Naroda, Ahmedabad-382 330. 2812780, 2817362.
- Indian Surgical Emporium 12, Indra Biswas Road, Kolkata
- Indian Surgical Emporium 12,Indra Biswas Road, Kolkata -37
- Indian Surgical Mfg Company R. No.2, 1st Floor, Maharashtra Lodge Bldg, Amaravati.
- Indian Surgical Mfg. Company Premises Address Plot No. 31,32,33, Bhivapurkar Colony, Badnera Road, Amravati
- Iris Surgical Vill And P.O. Nalkuri, Tamluk, Dist. Midnapore
- Keep Clean Surgical, Cotton Product Pvt.Ltd. At.Birdewadi Tal.Hatkanangale, Kolhapur
- Konark Surgical Pvt. Ltd., Toopran Pet; Distt. Nalgonda
- Kumar Pharmaceutical D-88 Sports & Surgical Complex, Jalandhar
- Life Line Surgicals & Chemicals Co. (P) Ltd. 22/1/1a, Raja Manindra Road, Kolkata-37 Loan On Nicco Corpn. Ltd.
- M.B.Surgical Enterprises 65/1, Sarat Chatterjee Road, Kolkata -59, Loan Upon Nicco Corpn. Ltd.
- Martine Surgicals Pvt. Ltd. Maheshpur, P.O. Birshibpur, Howrah
- Medico Surgical Industries Sk Puri, Patna
- Modern Surgicals (P) Phase VI, Mohali
- Moti Surgical Udyog (P) Ltd., C-28 Panki, Site-I Kanpur Nagar.
- Narmada Surgicals A-5 M.I.D.C., Yavatmal.
- National Surgical Company Tulin, Plot No. 3694, P.S.Jhalda, Purulia
- National Surgical, 80,M.M.Road,Khurja, Bulandsahar
- Nimish Pharma & Surgicals 103, Vellala Street 1st Floor, Puducherry-605 001. 0413-231940 Fax: 0413- 222968.
- North East Surgical Appliances 99/124, Jessore Road, Kolkata -28
- Orient Surgical Basirhat, Chowmatha (Taki Road)
- Prasad Pharmaceutical s & Surgical Works Research (P) Ltd. 5, Russa Road (South) 3rd Lane Kolkata-700 033. 24733021.
- Reliable Surgical Pvt Ltd 305 First Floor Mid Town Udiapole, Udaipur, 2420457
- Rexan Laboratories Ltd. B-5,Sports & Surgical Complex, Jalandhar
- Royal Surgical Industries Vill. Khera, Laxmipur, Thakurdwara Road, Jaspur, U.S. Nagar 05947- 222622
- Ruby Surgical & Allied Products Pvt. Ltd. A-43/44,Midc Indl Area, Ajinta Rd, Jalgaon
- Runnex Surgical Industries Velpur Road Tanuku ,East Godavari West Godavari
- Ruthe Surgical Dressings House No : 51, Nandanvan Colony, Nagpur
- Shanti Surgical (P) Ltd., G-28,29,Panki Indl. Estate,Site-I, Kanpur Nagar.
- Shivani Surgical (P) Ltd. Bengre, Bhatkal, Uttar Kannada
- Softex Surgical Cotton 6-B, Industrial Area, Kala Amb, Tehsil Nahan, Distt. Sirmour
- Solar Surgical &Pharmaceutic als 6&7, Marudhar Industrial Estate, Navghar Vasi (E), Thane
- Standard Surgical Industries F-17, Industrial Ariea, Haridwar
- Surya Surgical Pharmaceutical s Ltd., 5; I.E.; Mancheswar; Bhubaneswar; Distt. Khordha.
- Swapan Surgical & Dressing 30n, Harey Kristopher Sett Lane, Kolkata-50
- Thiruthuva Surgicals Maruthathoor Desam, Neyyattinkara Thiruvananthapuram
- United Surgicals D-128, Phase Iii, Ida Jeedimetla, Dist. Rangareddi-500 055.
- V.K. Surgical Pvt. Ltd. D-8, Industrial Area, Bhadrabad, Haridwar
- Vandana Surgicals Cotton Industries GA-24-25, RIICO Indl. Area, Viaynagar, Ajmer
- Vardhman Surgical Cotton C-18 I.A. Hanumangarh Junction, Sgnr Hanumangarh
- Venkatesh Surgical Cotton Industries, Vill- Ajania Chhindwara
- Vijaya Chemical And Surgical Dressings Plot No42, IDA., Jeedimetla, Hyderabad- 500855
- Wilson Tapes Pvt Ltd., 866, Vishwakarma Shopping Centre, Sector – 21, Gandhinagar – 382021, 02712- 231957/2388 88 Fax – 225769 wilson@ice net.netWeb sitewww.wilson surgicals.co m
- Zest Surgicals 3F-Industrial Area, Bhadrabad, Haridwar