Lidocaine

Lidocaine:

Other names: Lignocaine
Lidocaine is a local anesthetic agent. It is used as local anesthetic as well as antiarrhythmic. The most prominent cardiac action is suppression of automaticity in ectopic foci. Lidocaine is also used topically to relieve in burning, itching and pain in skin inflammation. It is injected as an anesthetic in dental problems or used in minor surgeries as a local anesthetic.

Indications: 

Ventricular tachyarrhythmias, local anesthetics etc

Side Effects: 

Drowsiness, nausea, paresthesias, blurred vision, disorientation, nervousness, anxiety, headache, tremor, hypotension, respiratory depression, flushing, allergy etc

Dosage Forms:

Anhydrous Lidocaine 20mg/ml (5ml/30 ml/50ml) injections
Lidocaine HCL 2% 10*30 ml injections
Lidocaine HCL 2% 30 gm gels
Lidocaine HCL 21.3mg/ml (50ml) injections
Lidocaine HCL 2% jelly (30 ml)
Lidocaine HCL 2% (100 ml) solution
Lidocaine HCL 5% ointment (20 gm)
Lidocaine HCL 21.3mg/ml (100ml) solution
Lidocaine HCL 42.7mg/ml (30ml) solution
Lidocaine HCL 15% w/w (100 gm) spy

Combinations of Lidocaine:

Injections:
Lidocaine 2% + Adrenaline 0.022mg injections (30 ml)
Lidocaine 2% + Adrenaline 0.009mg injections (30 ml)
Lidocaine 53.3 mg + Dextrose 75mg/ml injections (2 ml)

Solutions:
Lidocaine 53.3 mg + Dextrose 75mg/ml solutions (100 ml)

Spray
Lidocaine 100 mg + Ethanol 28.29% v/v 500 ml spray

Brand Names (Company Name):

Gesicard (Nicholas Piramal)

Xidolin (Dewcare Concept)

Xylocard (Astra Zeneca)

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