Hospital Pharmacist and his key Responsibilities

‘Hospital Pharmacist’ mean a person who is a registered pharmacist as defined in Pharmacy Act, 1948 and who are working in a hospital pharmacy service (Public/Private sector) as a pharmacist.


  • Hospital Pharmacists are responsible for ensuring the safe, appropriate and cost-effective use of medicines.
  • Hospital pharmacists use their specialist knowledge to dispense drugs and advise patients about the medicines which have been prescribed in Registered Medical Practitioner’ prescription.
  • They work collaboratively with other health care professionals to devise the most appropriate drug treatment for patients.
  • Some pharmacists are also involved in manufacturing required drug treatments.

Minimum Qualification (Either of):

Scope of Hospital Pharmacist:

  • Senior Pharmacist
  • Chief Pharmacist

Salary Structure:

Salary Based upon experience.

Related: How to start Hospital Pharmacy?

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What does it mean by Manufacturing Date, Expiry Date, Batch Number, Finished Product?

Lot or Batch:

Batch or lot means a quantity of any product in dosage form, a raw material or a packaging material, homogeneous within specified limits, constituting all or part of a single batch and identified by a distinctive lot number which appears on the label of the finished product;

Read: Batch/Lot Manufacturing Record

Lot Number or Batch Number:

Lot number or batch number means a distinctive number provided to a lot or batch.

Expiry Date:

Expiry Date is a date mentioned at label in form of a year and month after that it is not recommended to consume a medicine or health product. It is the date till a medicine or a health product will maintain its purity and physical characteristicks and its medicinal ingredient maintain its efficacy and potency as indicated or prescribed.

Manufacturing Date:

Manufacturing Date is date mentioned at label in a form of a year and month at which a medicine or health products is packed in its finished product form.

Finished Product:

Finished Product means a medicine or health product packed in final forma and ready for use and dispatch after completing all quality measures and specification.

Hope above information is helpful to you…

What is Clinical Trial, New Drug, Cosmetic and Medical Device?

First we will discuss about meaning and definition of clinical trail. After that we will discuss about why these are compulsory to conduct before manufacturing, sale, distribute and market a new drug.

What is Clinical Trial?

Clinical Trial is a process of systematic study or bioavailability or bioequivalence study of new drug or investigational new drug or new cosmetic or new medical device in or on human participants to find out whether it is safe and effective for use of human or not.

According to Drug and Cosmetic Act:

Clinical Trial” means

(i) In respect of drugs, any systematic study of new drug or investigational new drug or bioavailability or bioequivalence study of any new drug in human participants to generate data for discovering or verifying its clinical, pharmacological, including pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic, or adverse effects with the objective of determining safety, efficacy or tolerance of the drug;
(ii) In respect of cosmetics, the systematic study, including dermatological study of any new cosmetic on human participants to generate data for discovering or verifying its adverse effects with the objective of determining safety, efficacy or tolerance of the cosmetic;
(iii) In respect of medical devices, the systematic clinical investigation or study of an investigational medical device or a new medical device in, or on human participants to assess the safety or performance or effectiveness of the medical device;

“ A New Drug” means-
(i) A drug, including bulk drug substance, which has not been used in the country to any significant extent under the specified conditions, recommended or suggested in the labelling thereof and has not been recognised as effective and safe by the Central Licensing  Authority for the expected claims and its limited use, if any;
(ii) A drug approved by the Central Licensing Authority for certain claims, which is proposed to be marketed with modified or new claims, namely, indications, route of administration, dosage and
dosage form, including sustained release and novel drug delivery systems;
(iii) A fixed dose combination of two or more drugs, individually approved earlier for certain claims, which are proposed to be combined for the first time in a fixed ratio, or if the ratio of ingredients in a marketed combination is proposed to be changed,
with certain claims, namely, indications, route of administration, dosage, dosage form, including sustained release and novel drug delivery systems;
(iv) vaccines, recombinant Deoxyribonucleic Acid (r-DNA) derived products, living modified organisms, monoclonal anti-bodies, stem cells, gene therapeutic products and xenografts which are  intended to be used as drugs;

Read: Difference between Drug and Medicine

“A Investigational New Drug” means

New chemical entity or substance which is under investigation in a clinical trial regarding its safety and efficacy;

“A New Cosmetic” means

Any cosmetic containing ingredients which have not been established as safe for use in cosmetics;

“A New Medical device” means

A device which has not been approved by the Central Licensing Authority;

“A Investigational New Medical Device” means

A new device which is an object of a clinical investigation or research or development involving one or more human participants to determine the safety and the effectiveness of a device

Why Clinical Trials are necessary?

When a research institute or company discover a molecule that may have potency to cure, prevent, treat or provide symptomatic relief against particular illness or disease. First its efficacy and bioavailability or bioequivalence study are tested at animals.

After passing trials at animals, we need to find out its result and side effects at human. So clinical trail has been conducted to find out its actual response at human body.


Preclinical Phase: Testing of Drug at non human subjects

Phase 0: Testing of Drug at Healthy Human at 10 people for pharmacokinetic study

Phase I: Testing of drug at 20-100 healthy volunteers for checking dose ranging

Phase II: Testing of drug at 100-300 patients of particular disease to check efficacy and side effects

Phases III: Testing of drug at 300-3000 patients of particular disease to check efficacy, effectiveness and safety.

Phase IV: It is done after marketing of drug to doctor for checking drug use in public for long term effects of drug.

Hope above information is helpful to you….


How can a B. Pharm Student Start Small Scale Manufacturing Unit?


I am a final year B. Pharmacy student. I am willing to start a small scale manufacturing unit related to food or cosmetics but I don’t have a clear idea regarding it. Please help and suggest me in what areas I can startup my business in food or cosmetics and also how much time and money will all this process need.Waiting for your reply. Thank you.


Starting own business without any prior experience is not a good idea. You should first take some experience in food or cosmetic industry before starting own manufacturing unit.There are lot of challenges, works and experiences that can’t be learnt during education, that could only be acquired by industry exposer.

Money and time needed depend at your experience and knowledge. Few person start own business with negligible amount and few start with huge amount. So we will recommend to get some exposer of industry after your education and then go into business.

Read our related article: What should a pharma student do just after graduation? Job or Business!

Documents and procedure for Food Business read at our article: How to start Food supplement business?

For cosmetic industry requirement read our article: How to start Cosmetic Industry in India?

For Pharmaceutical Industry requirement read our article: How to start Pharmaceutical Company?

Hope above information is helpful to you….

What is the Difference between Drug and Medicine?

Drug and Medicine are two similar words and can be used as synonyms for each other. Most of persons get confused while differentiating between these.
Here we are going to find out the difference between Drug and Medicine:

Have look at definition for Both Drug and Medicine:

Drug: Drug is defined as the all chemical or natural substances capable of being used for therapeutic purposes. The expression Drug also includes narcotics, etc.

Medicine: Medicine is defined as drugs used for therapeutic purposes. All medicines are drugs but all drugs are not medicines.

From definition of both word one thing is clear. For being a Medicine a substance should possessed the property of Drug. A substance has to fulfill Drug specification first to become a medicine. We will understand it with following example:

Suppose we have five substances named as X, Y, Z, A and B. These five substances have different properties. These substances may be natural, semi-synthetic or synthetic and/or chemical in nature. All substances have therapeutic properties for management of Pain, inflammation and Fever. In technical language these substances are Analgesic, Anti-inflammatory and Anti pyretic therapeutic action.

By Therapeutic action, one thing is clear, all substances could be classified as Drug. Then what will be the criteria for a drug to become a medicine. Now elaborate other properties of substance X,Y,Z, A and B.

Along with above mentioned therapeutic effect, X is a Steroidal drug having potential side effects, due to which X is not using in treatment, cure and management of any disease.
Y is an Non steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drug (NSAID) which requires more trials and research to be launched into market.
Z is a drug substance claimed for Analgesic, Anti-inflammatory and Anti pyretic therapeutic action but scientific data or literature for supporting this claim is not available in any type of therapy.
A is a NSAID which is used for claimed indications by healthcare professionals.
B is a steroid drug which has serious side effects but any other substitute is not available and use for claimed indications by healthcare professionals.

Form above five which drugs fulfill the criteria to become a drug. Drugs which are still used for claimed indications by healthcare professionals. Now we got the point. X,Y,Z,A and B are drugs but only A and B are used for claimed indication for curing, treating and managing any particular disease and/or condition. So, A and B will be termed as Medicine also.

Hope above information is helpful to you…

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Related Articles:

What is the Similarities and Difference between Compounding and Dispensing?

Compounding and Dispensing are two known words used in Pharmacy. Most of new comers get confused in differentiating between these two.
Here we are going to elaborate both terms separately to provide better understanding.


Related Articles: What does it mean by Compounding, Dispensing, Patient counselling and Pharmaceutical Care?

Similarity between Compounding and Dispensing:

  • Both processes are performed against prescription of Registered Medical Practitioner.
  • Both could be performed at same place simultaneously (Only in Pharmacy).
  • Both requires supervision and presence of a Registered Pharmacist.

Difference between Compounding and Dispensing:

  • Compounding involves preparation, mixing, labeling and packing of a drug/medicine whereas Dispensing involves giving already available packed medicine/drug manufactured by pharmaceutical manufacturers to patient or patient’s caretaker by evaluation of prescription.
  • Compounding could be performed only in Pharmacy whereas Dispensing is performed in Pharmacy and Druggist/Chemist both places.
  • Technical Knowledge is required for compounding, so it must be carried out by Pharmacist itself where as Dispensing doesn’t require deep technical knowledge, so it can be carried out by helper under supervision of Pharmacist.
  • Standard references should be followed during compounding and compounded medicines should be labeled properly whereas dispensing doesn’t necessarily needs standard reference to follow because already packed medicines/drugs involves in the process.

Hope above information is helpful to you…
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Related Articles:

What does it mean by Compounding, Dispensing, Patient counselling and Pharmaceutical Care?

What is Pharmacy Compounding?

Compounding is the the preparation, mixing, assembling, packing or labeling of a drug or device against prescription of a Registered Medical Practitioner for catering special need of a patient in Pharmacy by a Registered Pharmacist or/and for the purpose of research, manufacturing, teaching, clinical trial or chemical analysis including drug analysis and not for sale or dispensing.

What is Dispensing?

Dispensing is the interpretation, evaluation, supply and implementation of a prescription, drug order, including the preparation and delivery of a drug or device to a patient or patient’s caretaker in a suitable container appropriately labeled for subsequent administration to, or use by, a patient by a Registered Pharmacist against prescription of a Registered Medical Practitioner.

What is Patient Counseling?

Patient counseling is the oral communication by the pharmacist of information to the patient or caregiver, in order to ensure proper use of drugs and devices.

What is Pharmaceutical Care?

Pharmaceutical care is the provision of drug therapy and other patient care services intended to achieve outcomes related to the care or prevention of a disease, elimination or reduction of a patient’s symptoms, or arresting or slowing of a disease process, as defined by the Pharmacy Council of India. 

Related Articles:

What is Pharmacy? What does it mean by Practice of Pharmacy?

What is Pharmacy?
Pharmacy may be defined in two way. One according to Pharmacy Education and Second according to Pharmacy Shop.According to Pharmacy Education, Pharmacy may be defined as the branch of Sciences which deals in compounding, manufacturing, quality and dispensing of medicines along with study of pharmaceutical engineering, pharmacodynamic, pharmacokinetic, pharmacology, clinical studies and much more.

Most of time which neglects the other part of pharmacy education by relating it to only compounding and dispensing but if we use it properly, it is beyond these. It is a complete science that deals in medicine.

Read Related: Pharmacy Education in India and Top career opportunities for Pharmacy Students

According to Pharmacy Shop, A pharmacy may be defined as the Place where medicines are compounded or/and dispensed against prescription of registered Medical Practitioner.


What is Practice of Pharmacy?

Practice of Pharmacy means:
  • Interpretation, evaluation and implementation of medical orders; dispensing of prescriptions, drug orders ;
  • Participation in drug and device selection, drug administration, drug regimen reviews and drug or drug related research,
  • Provisions of patient counseling and the provision of those acts or services necessary to provide pharmaceutical care in all areas of patient care including primary care ; and
  • Responsibility for Compounding and labeling of drugs and devices (except labeling by a manufacturer, repacker or distributor of non-prescription drugs and commercially packaged legend drugs and devices) proper and safe storage of drugs and devices and maintenance of proper records for them.
  • Read Who is a Pharmacy Practitioner? here

Related Articles:

Can Registered Pharmacist of ‘X’ state, apply for drug license in ‘Y’ State?

Query:I have few queries, would appreciate your help
1) One of proposed Director of the company is working with a Pharma Company. He is a PhD in Pharmaceutical Science – My question is which state can he register himself as a Pharmacist? Is there any guideline on this
2) And if Say he registers himself in his home state “X”, can he apply for wholesale drug licence in different state “Y”
3) Also, Since he is working. Is he entitled register himself as pharmacist and be a director in newly formed company without quitting the job?



He can register himself in any state under pharmacy council of concerning state. He can be registered in only one state. In state he is registered , he will consider Registered Pharmacist there. If he want to do business in other state, he has to quit pharmacist registration of that state and has to apply for registration of pharmacist of state in which he want to do work as a pharmacist.

Also he can’t continue his job while working as a pharmacist. One person can do permanent job at one place only


But for obtaining drug licence you don’t necessarily need to be pharmacist. You can be a B. pharmacy with relevant experience to apply for it.


You necessarily need to be pharmacist or competent person to apply for wholesale drug license.

I mean to say qualification is b.pharma but not registered as pharmacist but have 3 yrs experience in pharma company

He has to be registered pharmacist.
Without registration, qualification has no meaning for licensing procedure.

Is it so? Was not aware of this that registration with pharmacy council is mandatory for obtaining drug licence.

If he is b. Pharma
Why he didn’t register himself under pharmacy council. That should have his first work after completing his graduation. He still can apply

Hope above information is helpful to you…

Who is a Pharmacy Practitioner? Difference between Community, Hospital, Drug Information and Clinical Pharmacist

Read Related: What is Pharmacy? What does it mean by Practice of Pharmacy?

Pharmacy Practitioner is an individual (Community Pharmacist/ Hospital Pharmacist/ Clinical Pharmacist/ Drug information Pharmacist) currently licensed, registered or otherwise authorized under the Act to counsel or otherwise and administer drugs in the course of professional practice.

Query Related to Pharmacist:

Query 1:

I am Rohit, a Registered Pharmacist. I want to do business please guide me


But you will have to take license for every business, you will do.We always recommend business on the basis of person’s experience and market exposer. You can choose any type of business on the basis of your experience and knowledge. Y
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