What is Prescription? Types and Contents of Medical Prescription?

Prescription Definition:
Prescription is a written, printed or in any other form document by a Registered Medical Practitioner or any other licensed practitioners e.g. Dentist, Veterinarian, BAMS etc which directs or instruct to a Registered Pharmacist to compound and/or dispense a specific type and quantity of preparation or prefabricated drug to a Patient.Types of Prescription:

  • Prescription for Extemporaneous preparations
  • Prescription for Official preparations
  • Prescription for Patent preparations

Contents of the Prescription :

  • Prescribers office information: Name, qualification, address & Regn. No.
  • Patient information: Name & address, Age, Sex, Ref.No.
  • Date
  • Rx Symbol (Known as Superscription Part)
  • Medication Prescribed (Known as Inscription Part)
  • Dispensing directions to Pharmacist (Known as Subscription Part)
  • Directions for patient [to be placed on lable]
  • Refill, Special labeling and /or other instructions
  • Prescriber’s signature and licence (or) Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) number as required.

Under Drug and Cosmetic Act, 1945, A Prescription should have following particulars:

“For the purposes of clause (9) a prescription shall

(a) be in writing and be signed by the person giving it with his usual signature and be dated by him;

(b) specify the name and address of the person for whose treatment it is given, or the name and address of the owner of the animal if the drug is meant for veterinary use;]

(c) indicate the total amount of the medicine to be supplied and the dose to be taken.”

Let discuss more about Types of Prescription. Content of the prescription is clearly defined and don’t require any further elaboration to under. but many readers will be confused about types of prescription.

1. Prescription for Extemporaneous preparations: Extemporaneous Preparations are the preparations who are compounded to fit the unique needs of a patient by process of mixing drugs or modifying the concentration of a drug from that of the original manufacturer by a Pharmacist. Prescription containing Extemporaneous preparation is known as Prescription of Extemporaneous preparations. This process involve risk for the safety of patient and medical professionals. So Practitioner and pharmacist should follow strict regulation while compounding and Dispensing these preparations. These preparations can only be compounded if appropriate drugs or dosage form not available.

2. Prescription for Official preparations: Prescription containing medicines which are available in market as ready made form and available for dispensing only, no requirement of compounding for theses preparations.

3. Prescription for Patent preparations: Preparations that are prescribed come under patent law. Patented preparations includes preparations that are distributed by a company having a patent on its manufacture.

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