Guidance regarding starting Pharmaceutical Distribution


I want to start pharma distributorship. Need a guidance

You will have to take whole sale drug license and GST number for distribution of medicines and drugs. Read all documentations and procedure for wholesale drug license here

You can choose either one type of distribution or can choose two or more together for distribution. Main distribution types are

Read all types of marketing in detail here: Marketing type in pharmaceutical sector

Read pro and cons of all marketing type in our article: What are the Drawbacks and Advantages of ethical/branded, generics, pcd pharma and Otc medicines marketing and distributions

You can start with company or type you have knowledge and experience…

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How to start Pharma Marketing Company by Third Party manufacturing?

Query:Can you please help in how to start pharma company with third party manufacturing.


Yes Sir, we can help you to start pharma company with third party manufacturing
Please explain which type of help you need


I need whole information from start point to end.


You will need whole sale drug license with name of company, you want to start
Also you should have GST number.
If you don’t have both, you have to apply for both. Read detail of documentations and procedure for starting Pharma Marketing Company

Then select products, you want to get manufactured at third party basis. Choose brand names for these products. Read about third party manufacturing here

Choose any third party manufacturer. Send products for quotation/rates. Check List of third party manufacturers

After finalizing all things with manufacturer, finalize packaging and other formalities also. Then place the order. Deposit payment as per mutual discussion. And after receiving products, start marketing of your products. Read Marketing type in pharmaceutical sector

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Outlines for minimum investment required for setting up pharmaceutical plant

Please give me an outline of minimum investment for setting up a manufacturing plant in west Bengal. How much capital should i arrange??

Machinery and Area required, you can read in our article: Business Plan for Pharmaceutical Plant, machinery, area required and equipment.

Below pricing is approximate and information purpose only. It can vary. You should ask from quotations from vendor for accurate prices:

Plant Cost ( We are assuming rented premises): Minimum of —– to —–/- rent per month
Hand operated capsule filling machine with loader: – lakhs
Semi automatic Capsule Filling machine along with other parts will cost you near about 12 lakhs
Tablet compressing machine: -.- to – lakhs
Packaging (Alu-alu): — lakhs
Blister Packaging: -to- lakhs
Complete Liquid plant approx.: — lakhs
Other requirements: nearly –to– lakhs


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Is it mandatory to take FSSAI registration for Veterinary Supplements?


For starting marketing company with veterinary supplement e.g. Liquid calcium Supplement, is it necessary for FSSAI registration as it is not containing any API?
And also as my income would be less than 2 Lakhs, is it mandatory to register for GST at the time of starting a marketing..

If you are selling any food and feed supplement, you have to apply for FSSAI registration. It is mandatory. API stands for Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients. At pharmaceutical ingredients FSSAI doesn’t applicable. FSSAI only applicable to food, feed and dietary supplements.Read complete procedure for registration: How to Start Food and Feed Supplements marketing and manufacturing Company?

GST has not any correlation to your personal income. Your firm turnover and income comes under GST department.

For turnover above 20 lakh, GST number is mandatory, otherwise you can do business without GST.
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how to become Distributor?


Help to making me distributor.

What type of distributor, you want to become. There are mainly Five types of distributors in Pharmaceutical market:

You can choose either one from above mentioned categories. A distributor can work with single segment or in all segments together. Every distribution type has its own pro and cons. You can read about pharma distribution by clicking at link: type of marketing and distribution in pharmaceutical sector

You will need to study how to build a strong network/distribution channel?

Also read : Type of Distributor and Wholesaler In Pharmaceutical Sector. How They work?

You can contact directly companies for distribution. Find list of pharma companies in India
Here you can check list of pharma companies in india

What Does It like to be a Pharmacist in India?

In India, there is no meaning to be a pharmacist.

No career, No job, No secure future.
Pharmacist has no individual identity. People do pharmacy to get only drug license. In papers pharmacy profession is one of the growing profession but at ground level, every pharmacist is struggling to make living for himself.
In medical and healthcare sector, everyone i.e. doctors, pharma companies, chemists/pharmacy/retailer and wholesalers/distributor is earning huge income except pharmacist. Pharmacist work is done by all professionals here in India. A doctor can tell you dosages, dosages timing, interval between dosages etc to a patient along with prescribing the medicine, no matter it’s his work or not.

Doctor’s work is only to diagnose disease and prescribe medicine to a patient. He is not educated or trained to fix dose or advice about medicine to patient. It is the work of a pharmacist. But who one cares about this. Doctors are self declared pharmacist also in India. This is the main reason of increasing case of drug interactions and toxicity of drugs in India. For proper utilization of healthcare facilities in India, we have to develop stronger pharmacy act by providing responsibilities to Pharmacists.Now talk about Chemists, you will find a 12th pass or simple graduated person siting at pharmacy or chemist shop. He also consider himself doctor and pharmacist both. He can give you complete description about drug or medicine to you. He will have a rented license from a registered pharmacist. He will have no respect toward pharmacist. Regardless of knowledge about pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics, drug interactions, side effects of medicines, he will concentrate to dispense as possible as medicine to patient to earn more. He is earning lakhs from a rented license but will give lot of excuses to pay three to four thousand to a pharmacist. We always feel, who one started this rented license system which is spoiling life of thousands of pharmacist. Why our government don’t make compulsory to sit a registered pharmacist in a medical shop. This step can provide quick recovery to pharmacist reputations.

In pharmaceutical sector, same situation continue. There is no separate jobs or responsibilities mentioned. Bachelor in sciences is considered same as to Bachelor in pharmacy as per qualification and job responsibilities in pharmaceutical sector irrespective of whether they have any knowledge about drugs or medicine or not. Main reason for that our drug department provide approval to simple science graduate as manufacturing chemist.

If we compare Indian pharmacy profession to European or American pharmacy professionals then we find complete difference. In developed countries, Pharmacist is a most important part of healthcare system. Doctor’s will only diagnose the disease and prescribe the medicine. After that its pharmacist’s duty to check for dose of medicine to patient (Effective dose/Toxic Dose), time interval between dosing, any interaction between prescribing medicines, precautions while taking medicine, any drug history etc. Its not a simple task. Pharmacist is equally responsible for patient’s health as of Doctor. Why can’t we develop this type of culture in India.

What could be the benefits for society if Pharmacist do his own work and gets his respect back:
  • Self medication could be avoided as common people will not aware about actual dose of medicine because pharmacist will dispense dose as per patients need and will vary person to person. Second, Pharmacist can educate patients about adverse effects of self medications.
  • Antibiotic Resistance could be avoided. Resistance toward antibiotics in India is becoming major problem. Main reason is easy availability and self medication of antibiotics. Prescribing of higher antibiotics and irrational combinations of antibiotics also lead to drug resistance in body. Only Pharmacist can restrict this unethical delivery of medicine by cross checking of doctor’s prescription and avoiding self medication.
  • Black money laundering in pharma supply chain is restricted only by entering of Pharma Professionals who have dedication and responsibilities toward professions. Persons who have only interest in money can’t think about health and life of others.
  • Implementations of all schedules and act at ground level could be possible only when Government expel all non pharma professionals from pharma sectors. All ethic code and policies will be implemented very easily at ground level.
  • Side effects and adverse reactions of medicines could be avoided as Pharmacist will educate persons about excessive use of medications and will check the history of patient related to any adverse reaction and allergies from any medicine. Patient can share more detail with a pharmacist that he/she can’t share with Doctors.
  • Drug Interactions is major problem for decreasing health in general public. Number of patients doesn’t get proper effect of medication due to drug interactions. Only pharmacist can fulfill this gap between doctors and patient to avoid any drug interaction and adverse reactions due to this interaction.
  • Food and Drug Interactions is also severe problem which is under estimated during treatment. Most of foods and food supplements interact with drug molecules and alter their effects. Prescribing and advising any foods or food supplement can produce more harm than benefit to patient if not check at pharmacist level. It can be done only by an educated pharma professional i.e. Pharmacist.

Our motive is to provide best healthcare system to society. Its a small step to aware all pharmacists toward their responsibilities and to aware our Health department and Government to make strict rules and regulation to prevent patient’s from avoidable adverse effects. If any how we hurt someones feeling, we felt sorry toward them.

Until non professionals are in pharma sector, we can’t build stronger and healthier India.
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List of Schedule H1 Drugs. Difference between Schedule H and Schedule H1


Topic Covered Under Article:

  • List of Schedule H1 drugs
  • Conditions and Time period for which record maintenance require
  • Warning
  • Difference between Schedule H and H1
  • Need of Schedule H1
  • Indian Pharmaceutical Market V/s Schedule H1

Related: List of Schedule H drugs

List of Schedule H1 Drugs (Latest)

  • Alprazolam
  • Balofloxacin
  • Buprenorphine
  • Capreomycin
  • Cefdinir
  • Cefditoren
  • Cefepime
  • Cefetamet
  • Cefixime
  • Cefoperazone
  • Cefotaxime
  • Cefpirome
  • Cefpodoxime
  • Ceftazidime
  • Ceftibuten
  • Ceftizoxime
  • Ceftriaxone
  • Chlorodiazepoxide
  • Clofazimine Sodium
  • Codeine
  • Cycloserine
  • Diazepam
  • Diphenoxylate
  • Doripenam
  • Ertapenem
  • Ethambutol Hydrochloride
  • Ethionamide
  • Feropenam
  • Gemifloxacin
  • Imipenem
  • Isoniazide
  • Levofloxacin
  • Meropenem
  • Midazolam
  • Moxifloxacin
  • Nitrazepam
  • Para-aminosalicylate
  • Pentazocine
  • Prulifloxacin
  • Pyrazinamide
  • Rifabutin
  • Rifampicin
  • Sparfloxacin
  • Thiacetazone
  • Tramadol
  •  Zolpidem

Note:- Preparations containing the above drug substances and their salts excluding those intended for topical or external use (except ophthalmic and ear or nose preparations) containing above substances are also covered by this Schedule



  • The Supply of a drug specified in Schedule H1 shall be recorded in a separate register at the time of the supply giving the name and address of the prescriber, the name of the patient, the name of the drug and the quantity supplied and such record shall be maintained for three years and be open for inspection.
  • If it contains a drug substance specified in Schedule H1, be labeled with symbol Rx, which shall be in red and conspicuously displayed on the left top corner of the label and shall also be labeled with the following words in legible black coloured font size in completely red rectangular box:


− It is dangerous to take this preparation except in accordance with the medical advice.

− Not to be sold by retail without the prescription of a Registered Medical Practitioner.

  • If it contains a drug substance specified in Schedule H1 and comes within the purview of the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985 (61 of 1985) be labeled with symbol NRx, which shall be in red and conspicuously displayed on the left top corner of the label and shall also be labeled with the following words in legible black coloured font
    size in completely red rectangular box:

− It is dangerous to take this preparation except in accordance with the medical advice.

− Not to be sold by retail without the prescription of a Registered Medical Practitioner.

Difference between Schedule H and Schedule H1:

There is not any major difference between schedule H and schedule H1 drugs but antibiotics, anti-TB drugs and habit forming that were fall under schedule H category was moved to a new sub category that is known as Schedule H1. Schedule H and H1, both categories shall be sold under prescription of a Registered Medical Practitioner only but norm regarding drug fall under Schedule H1 are strict. A proper record of every sale, purchase, prescription copy, patient detail, doctor details under which prescription drugs are sold out etc. shall be maintained for at least three years for schedule H1 drugs where there is no requirement for maintaining record for drug which fall under schedule H drugs.

Why there is need of Schedule H1?

In recent time, number of cases of antibiotic resistance diseases are increasing. One of the main cause of antibiotic resistance is easy availability and self medication. There was urgent requirement of implementation of any strict laws that Schedule H was not available to implement.

In Indian medicine market whether it will be possible to implement Schedule H1 policy:

Where infrastructure at ground level is of third class. Even in some area there is a lot of Medical Store running without a License or registered pharmacist.

One another major problem in Indian Pharmaceutical supply system is that there is a much more chance of drugs without any invoice from its sources i.e. manufactures. In some states where there is tendency and demand of drugs without proper billing. The main reason of this practice is difficulty of getting a particular drug license for retail shop and different tax role at different states.
Our drug department also plays a major role in promoting this practices. Corruption is key of this bad practice of pharmaceutical sector.
RMP in India have a strong hold particularly in rural area and in areas where there is no medical facilities. For cheap and easy medicine they are beneficial but our country does not have sufficient amount of doctors to feed the requirement of increasing population. So these so called RMP’s is now necessity of some areas in India. These are the person even does not  know the definition of antibiotics and recommend stronger to stronger antibiotic for minor illnesses.
 Adulterated and inferior quality medicines come in market due to not having proper drug distribution system. Secondly we haven’t any system which can distinguish between generic and branded products.
On other hand our Drug control system having such drawbacks that anyone can easily escape from it. Political power and Mafia interference also effect the system.
In recent years Indian Drug department making a policies to make it at international level but we think there is lot of improvement is required at zero level to make policies effective.Without these we can’t establish a USA type drug delivery system in India. Medicine should be considered life saving not just like a Karyana Store where any one can demand and get.


Until we improve government system , we can not make a healthier and safer India.


Is it necessary to take cheque from chemist for payment against schedule H1 drugs or we can take cash also, as some of chemist neither wants to fix stamp on bill nor give payment by cheque.


Payment collection should be in proper manner. Either Cheque or Cash payment receipt. You have to show proper billing and record of all schedule H1 drugs. You have to make sure that in any case chemist don’t refuse to present your bill in front of drug officer. Chemist who don’t want to fix stamp or give payment by cheque don’t want to manage stock of schedule H1 drugs. You have to careful in this matter. In future Schedule H1 is going to be implemented very strictly.

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Schedule H1 Drug List 2018, 2017, 2016

Starting Small Manufacturing unit for Medicine


I am Starting Small Manufacturing unit for Medicine. So Please advice me.
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